Full Spectrum vs Isolate
CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of the 113+ Phyto-cannabinoids that are present within the cannabis plant. Unlike its molecular cousin THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is non-psychoactive; meaning it does not get you high or impair your judgement.
Once CBD is consumed, it interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system via cannabinoid receptors located in our brains, organs and throughout our bodies. The medicinal benefits of CBD have only recently begun to be researched, but initial clinical trials have shown tremendous therapeutic potential.
Full spectrum products contain not only CBD, but all the naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes which cumulatively contribute to a phenomenon known as the entourage effect, as theorised by Dr. Ben-Shabat in 1998. The entourage effect suggests that a dose of cannabis extract which contains a combination of CBD and other cannabinoids (such as CBG, THC, CBDA, etc.) creates a larger positive impact than CBD can have on its own.
Furthermore, the presence of terpenes also influences the entourage effect, so a full spectrum CBD oil that includes them is theoretically more effective.
On the other hand, CBD isolate is made from removing all other cannabinoids and terpenes from the extract to create a 99% pure CBD powder. Although CBD isolate still produces a positive impact, the benefit of which is somewhat capped without the presence of the other natural ingredients included in a full spectrum extract.
However, CBD is the only cannabinoid approved by WADA (World Anti-Doping Association), so isolates are perfect for athletes.