Full Spectrum vs Isolate
CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of the 113+ Phyto-cannabinoids that are present within the cannabis plant. Unlike its molecular cousin THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is non-psychoactive; meaning it does not get you high or impair your judgement.
Once CBD is consumed, it interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system via cannabinoid receptors located in our brains, organs and throughout our bodies. The medicinal benefits of CBD have only recently begun to be researched, but initial clinical trials have shown tremendous therapeutic potential.
Full spectrum CBD extract is obtained from the cannabis sativa L. plant using supercritical CO2 extraction. A full spectrum products contain not only CBD, but also all other naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes which cumulatively contribute to a phenomenon known as the entourage effect, as theorised by Dr. Ben-Shabat in 1998.
The entourage effect suggests that a dose of cannabis extract which contains a combination of CBD and other cannabinoids (such as CBG, THC, CBDA, etc.) creates a larger positive impact than CBD can have on its own.
Furthermore, the presence of terpenes also influences the entourage effect, so a full spectrum CBD oil that includes them is theoretically more effective.
CBD isolate on the other hand is a crystalline substance which contains 99% pure CBD. To obtain CBD isolate, a full spectrum hemp extract is first obtained from the cannabis sativa L. plant using supercritical CO2 extraction. The full-spectrum extract then undergoes a refinement process which completely filters away any remaining trace amounts of THC and leaves nothing behind but CBD in its most purest form.
CBD is the only cannabinoid approved by ESL & WADA (World Anti-Doping Association), which state that: “All natural and synthetic cannabinoids are prohibited except for cannabidiol (CBD).”
This means that traditional and Esports athletes are allowed to use any CBD sprays, oils, topicals and capsules as long as they are based on CBD isolates.